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多项政策措施确保“去q355nh耐候板钢铁产能”
发布者:  发布时间:2016-2-23 9:36:38  阅读:次 【字体:
A number of policy measures "to ensure capacity"
q355nh耐候板钢铁的亿吨减量时代正式开启。
The reduction of iron and steel tons era officially opened.
李新创对《中国经济周刊》记者分析指出,2015年我国粗钢产能利用率较上年进一步下降到仅约71.5%,随着减量发展时代的开启,粗钢产量将继续下降,“十三五”期间我国粗钢产量保持在7亿吨以上的规模是大概率事件,也即粗钢产量较2015年的下降将在1亿吨以内。
Li Chong told the "China Economic Weekly" reporter analysis pointed out that in 2015 China's crude steel production capacity utilization rate compared with last year further down to only about 71.5%, with open reduction of the development of the times, crude steel production will continue to decline, "45" during China's crude steel production remained at more than 7 million tons of the scale is the probability of the event, crude steel production compared to 2015 years of decline in less than 1 million tons.
“因此,压减1亿~1.5亿吨产能将使得产能压减规模超过粗钢产量下降规模,符合《意见》提出的‘产能利用率趋于合理’的定性政策目标,也有助于企业提高盈利能力和可持续发展能力。这一目标体现了中央去产能的坚定决心。”李新创说。
"So Yajian 1 million to 1.5 million tons of production capacity will make capacity Yajian the size of more than crude steel production decreased size, in line with the" opinions "of 'capacity utilization reasonable' qualitative policy objectives, is favorable to the enterprise to enhance the profitability and sustainability. This goal reflects the firm determination of the central to the production capacity." Li Xinchuang said.
值得注意的是,《意见》特别明确了加强奖补支持、完善税收政策、加大金融支持、做好职工安置、盘活土地资源等一系列支持q355nh耐候板钢铁行业化解过剩产能实现脱困发展的政策措施。
It is worth noting is that the "opinions" particularly clear strengthen award fill support, perfecting the taxation policy, increase financial support, good placement of workers and staff, and make an inventory of land resources, such as a series of support the iron and steel industry to resolve the excess production capacity of extricating from predicament and development policies and measures.
“在税收政策上,《意见》还是有比较大的突破,一揽子提出了加快铁矿石资源税从价计征、扩大营改增范围到建筑业领域等五个方面的完善税收政策的要求,如果能够细化落实,将切实起到有效作用。”李新创表示。
"In the tax policy," opinion "or big breakthrough, package is proposed to speed up the iron ore resource tax from the ad valorem, expand the camp to increase the scope to the construction industry, such as five aspects of perfecting the taxation policy requirements, if we can refine the implementation, will be effective in effect." Li Xinchuang said.
在李新创看来,明确提出设立工业企业结构调整专项奖补资金,也是一个重大突破,但具体能够有多大规模并未明确。
In Li Xinchuang's opinion, clearly put forward the establishment of industrial enterprises to adjust the structure of special award for capital, is also a major breakthrough, but the specific to how large is not clear.
职工安置、债务处置引各方关注
The placement of workers, debt disposal cited concern
q355nh耐候板钢铁行业是化解产能过剩、推进供给侧结构性改革的重点领域。然而,作为典型的劳动密集型、资本密集型产业,钢铁行业去产能面临着职工安置、债务处理、资产核销等重重挑战。
The steel industry is the key areas to promote the supply side to resolve the overcapacity, structural reform. However, as a typical labor-intensive and capital intensive industries, iron and steel industry capacity to face the placement of workers, debt management, asset verification and other challenges.
“按照钢铁企业有关劳效方面的统计,考虑退出钢铁产能的劳动生产效率相对较低的因素,如5年时间再压减粗钢产能1亿~1.5亿吨,则约有总计40万~50万职工需要安置。”李新创表示,这或对就业形势特别是退出产能所在地的社会稳定形成较大冲击。
"According to statistics of the iron and steel enterprises in the labor efficiency, considering factors exit the labor production efficiency of steel production capacity is relatively low, such as 5 years time recompression reduction crude steel production capacity of 1 million to 1.5 million tons, about a total of 40 million to 50 million workers to be resettled." Li Xinchuang said that the employment situation or social stability especially the location of the exit capacity to form a larger impact.
《意见》明确指出“把职工安置作为化解过剩产能工作的重中之重”,配套成立了工业企业结构调整 专项奖补资金,对地方化解过剩产能中的人员分流安置给予奖补,同时要求发挥企业主体作用与社会保障相结合,采取挖掘企业内部稳岗就业潜力、对符合条件的职 工实行内部退养、依法依规解除终止劳动合同、做好再就业帮扶等措施,确保做好职工安置工作。
"Opinion" clearly pointed out that "the placement of workers as to resolve the excess production capacity of the top heavy", supporting the establishment of the industrial structural adjustment of special awards and subsidies, to resolve the excess capacity of personnel shunt placement given awards complement, also asked to play a corporate body in combination with social security, take mining enterprise internal post steady employment potential, to meet the conditions of the staff and workers to implement internal Tuiyang, in accordance with the law in accordance with regulations lifting of the termination of the labor contract, do a good job in the re employment assistance and other measures, to ensure good job placement of workers.
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