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q295nh耐候板钢铁行业总负债超3万亿 一批上市公司选择退出
发布者:  发布时间:2016-1-20 9:56:48  阅读:次 【字体:
 
Iron and steel industry over 3 trillion of the total liabilities of a number of listing Corporation to withdraw from
 
“供给侧改革”成为最受关注的词汇,从供给侧入手的结构性改革思路端倪已现。如今,供给侧改革以及清理“僵尸企业”已经成为政策重心,持续挣扎在盈亏线上的q295nh耐候板钢铁业首当其冲。
Supply side reform has become the most concerned about the vocabulary, from the supply side of the structural reforms began to show. Today, the supply side of the reform and clean up zombie enterprise has become the focus of policy, continued to struggle in the steel industry to bear the brunt of the break line.
近年来,q295nh耐候板钢企负债率不断上升,盈利能力下滑,一度出现全行业亏损的现象。当前我国钢铁业总负债超过3万亿元,钢铁企业平均资产负债率在70%左右,甚至在去年三季度,上市钢企八一钢铁出现了负债率达100%的情况。
In recent years, steel prices rising debt ratio, profitability decline, once the phenomenon of loss of the entire industry. Current total liabilities of China's steel industry more than 3 trillion yuan, the average asset liability ratio of iron and steel enterprises in the 70% or so, even in the three quarter of last year, listed steel prices eight one steel appeared in debt ratio of 100% of the situation.
上市钢企在q295nh耐候板钢铁企业中具有明显的融资优势,过去5年里上市钢企没有一家“持续亏损三年以上”,不属于“僵尸企业”的范畴。但这是一种被政府补贴掩盖的假象,如果剔除政府补贴和剥离资产等因素,按照扣非后的净利润测算,34家上市钢企中已有多家连续3年甚至连续3年以上亏损。
Listed steel enterprises in the iron and steel enterprises have obvious advantages in financing over the past 5 years, listed steel prices without a sustained loss of more than three years, does not belong to the category of zombie enterprises. But this is a false impression of government subsidies to cover, if eliminate government subsidies and stripping assets and other factors, according to the net profit after deduction of non estimates, 34 listed steel companies have several continuous 3 years or even for three consecutive years more than loss.
随着近两年钢铁行业形势急转直下,不少钢铁企业陷入全面亏损。2015年以来,企业剥离钢铁资产的案例明显增多。值得注意的是,去产能是供给侧结构性改革的五大任务之首,但职工安置和债务处置等问题,将成为钢铁业去产能过程中亟待解决的难题。
With a sudden turn for the worse situation in the steel industry in recent years, many iron and steel enterprises into comprehensive loss. Since 2015, the case of enterprises stripping steel assets increased significantly. It is worth noting that, to the supply side of the supply side of the structural reform of the first five tasks, but the staff placement and debt disposal and other issues, the steel industry will become a problem to be solved in the process of production.
上市钢企首现资不抵债
Steel prices listed first is insolvent
近日,行业龙头宝钢股份上调了2016年2~3月主要钢材产品出厂价格,涨幅在60~200元/吨不等。同时,整个钢铁市场价格近期也迎来了久违的反弹行情。但“我的钢铁网”监测的钢铁价格数据显示,钢价从2011年以来整体处于下跌态势,其间虽不间断地出现反弹行情,但钢材综合价格指数历经5年整体跌幅超过了6成。
Recently, the industry leader in Baosteel raised the 2016 2~3 month main steel products ex factory prices, or in the 60~200 yuan / ton range. At the same time, the steel market prices recently ushered in returning to the rally. But "my steel net monitoring of steel price data show that steel prices since 2011 in the overall downward trend, although meantime uninterrupted appear rebound in the market, but the composite steel price index after 5 years the overall decline in more than 6 percent.
钢价持续下跌,主要原因在于钢铁产能过剩。2012年1、2月,钢铁行业出现进入新世纪以来的首次全行业亏损,随后几年内,q295nh耐候板钢铁行业持续挣扎在盈亏线上。
Steel prices continued to fall, mainly due to overcapacity in steel. 2012 1, February, the steel industry has entered the new century for the first time in the industry wide losses, and in the next few years, the steel industry continued to struggle in the profit and loss line.
根据中国钢铁工业协会统计数据,2012年当年,中国重点钢企实现利润15.81亿元,同比下降98.22%,其中亏损企业亏损额为289.24亿元。最新数据显示,2015年前11个月,重点钢企合计亏损531.32亿元。
According to the China Iron and Steel Association statistics, in 2012 that year, China's key steel enterprises realized profit of RMB yuan, down 98.22%, of which the amount of loss of business losses of $. The latest data show that in the first 11 months of 2015, the total loss of key steel enterprises.
去年底召开的中央经济工作会议,着力强调推进供给侧结构性改革。斩钉截铁地处置“僵尸企业”,坚定不移减少过剩产能,成为当务之急。
At the end of last year, the central economic work conference held in the central economic work conference, focus on promoting the supply side of structural reform. Categorically disposal of zombie companies, will reduce the excess capacity, has become a pressing matter of the moment.
所谓“僵尸企业”,指的是不符合国家能耗、环保、质量、安全等标准和长期亏损的产能过剩行业企业;持续亏损三年以上且不符合结构调整方向的企业。去年12月9日召开的国务院常务会议明确提出,清理处置“僵尸企业”,到2017年末实现经营性亏损企业亏损额显著下降。
So-called "zombie" companies, that is does not conform to the country's energy consumption, environmental protection, quality, safety and other standards and long-term losses in the industries with excess capacity; sustained losses of more than three years and does not conform to the structure to adjust the direction of the enterprises. In December 9th last year, the State Council executive meeting made it clear that the clean-up disposal of zombie enterprises, to achieve a significant decline in operating losses of enterprises by the end of 2017.
“2017年末实现经营性亏损企业亏损额显著下降”的提法,意味着钢铁等产能过剩行业的去产能、清理“僵尸企业”任务,须在两年内取得成效。
2017 year operating loss of business to achieve a significant decline in the amount of money, which means that steel and other industries to excess capacity to capacity, clean up zombie enterprises, the task must be achieved within two years.
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